人物設計 (Character Design)

學插畫或對插畫有興趣的人,大多以人物開始學起,原因很簡單,現在大部份的插畫作品主角都是角色,背景其他的都不多被消費者重視。
不過,背景其實是很重要的,這部份以待自己的功力很好後再分享吧。在這裡就分享一下人物角色的設計過程吧。
The first step of most people who learn drawing is character. The reason is very simple, most drawing on this century is concentrating on character, and most customers do not focus on background.
However, background is a very important factor on a drawing.  I will share about background when I am good enough on it.  Here I'd like to share the process on character design.

今天請來了大家都認識的初音未來(初音ミク)。
Let me introduce our guest, everyone know her, Hatsune Miku (初音ミク).


在角色設計上,面貌、服飾固然重要,但在這些之前是其人物的背景設定。
初音未來現今最成功的虛擬偶像,今次我不加上其他的東西,只畫一個在舞台上擺姿勢的未來做說明。
On character design, background setting is much more important then face or cloth.
Hatsune Miku is the most successful Virtual Idol on this planet.  I won't add any other things on it, I will show you only Miku with a pose.

●骨架 Doll Draft
首先是骨架。畫上中心線在之後的設計上會很幫助。留意透視,S形表現,身體比例。
姿勢上,最好自己去做幾次看看,否則很容易出現不可能的動作,或不能平衡的姿勢。
First is doll model.  Center line can help cloth design.  Be careful on body ratio.
About pose, I suggest to do few times by yourself.  Otherwise, you may draw impossible or unbalanced pose.

○身體比例 Body Ratio
關於身體比例,先不要畫手腳,先把身體畫好,因為手腳長度以身體作準則比較好。
身體最常見的比例錯誤,在胸下和上腹的藍色位置,其次就是肩至胸和腰太短的黃色位置。
 About body ratio, draw body first, arms and legs later.  It will be better to draw arms and legs by using body as meassure.
The most popular miss on body ratio is the blue area, under chest and upper abdomen. The second miss is too short on the yellow areas, shoulders to chest and waist.

●裸稿 Naked Draft
 骨架完成後,就可以畫一個裸稿,把整個輪廓畫出來就可以。
After doll draft made, draw a naked draft on it. Draw the contour on it.

●設計 Design
把服飾、髮型、面貌都畫上去。留意背後的東西都要畫上去(例如頭髮),可以分圖層去做。傳統畫的話可以輕描背後的東西。
Draw clothes, hair, face on it. Please draw anything behind the character(e.g. hair), you may use new layer to do this.  For traditional drawing, please draw very light for things behind character.

●原稿 Final Draft
設計完成後,就可以做一個原稿出來了,這樣單色的草稿就大功告成了。
After design completed, make a final draft.  Then a mono draft is finished.

●色草稿 Color Draft
色草稿是用來試色,建議習慣去做這個步驟,因為在構圖複雜時,配色成了最重要課題,越早發現問題越重要。
Color draft is for testing color. I suggest to do this step. If composition is too complicated, color harmonizing is the important part.  Color draft can let you find errors much earlier.

●之後… Then…
之後就看風格了,要做一個底稿或線稿,還是就這樣直接繼續去塗下去也可以。
Then depended on you.  You may make a under drawing and line art.  You may also paint on this directly.



●總結 Conclusion
『方法,沒有正確與否,只有適不適合自己。』
"Method, not right or not, but suitable or not."

每個畫師都有自己的一套方法,請參考更多不同畫師的分享後,再努力去嘗試,最後再建立一套屬於自己的最好方法吧!
Every drawer has his own method, please learn more from different drawer and try hard. Finally you will have your best method!
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