2016年1月30日星期六

如何練習繪畫角色 (How to practice drawing character) Part 2


好像有不少喜歡這題材的觀眾,所以決定繼續這個針對繪畫角色的『如何練習』系列。
It seems that many people like this topic.  I decided to keep writing this "How to practice" series against character drawing.

如果還沒有看過這系列的舊文章,請先到訪以下位置:
If you have not yet view the old topics, please visit the following link:

由於沒有更時程,內容也是自己有空時製作,所以這系列並沒有很好的分類。
As I have no schedule on this topic updates, I make this resources when I'm free.  There is no perfect sort and classification here.

本次內容主要是姿勢上的一些補充和建議,以及身體結構的說明。
On part 2, I will keep talking about pose, and also suggestions.  And also I will start to talk about body construction.


●姿勢 Pose
在練習過多角度後,就會發現不同的姿勢,其實是身體每部份的不同角度組合而成。在苦練過後,應該沒有什麼姿勢是畫不出來了……吧?
After the multi-angle practice, you should easily find that poses are only combined by different angle of body parts.  After working hard on the practice, you should now draw any pose..... maybe??

你可能會發現,即使你可以畫出不同的姿勢,但這些姿勢總是有點不自然、歪歪斜斜。明明比例是沒有問題,透視也沒有問題,為何會怪怪的呢?
You may find that, even though you can draw different pose, the doll is strange and crooked.  There is no problem on body ratio, no problem on anatomy, why it becomes strange?

○不可能姿勢 Impossible Pose

在 Part 1,曾經叫大家做了一個正方體的遊戲,這個遊戲讓大家知道『了解』的重要性。而這裡也是一樣,你需要了解角色可以做出什麼姿勢,不可以做出什麼姿勢。
In Part 1, I let you to do a cube game.  This made you know the importance of "knowing and understanding".  This is the same case.  You must know what the character can do and cannot do.

○自己來做 Do It Yourself

最簡單直接的方法,就是自己去做。在鏡子面前去擺著想畫的姿勢,看看這姿勢是否真的站很穩,是否真的好看;好好去觀察這個姿勢的每個部份,必要時可以拍下照片。
The simplest method, do it yourself.  Do the pose front of mirror.  You can now know whether the pose can stand firm on floor, is attractive.  Take a look on every part of the pose, you may take a photo for reference.

○找模特兒 Find a Model

這個方法也很簡單,去找一個模特兒,或在雜誌、網上照片找也可以。
如選用相片的話,請留意相片的拍攝角度,以及是否有使用擴角鏡之類的改變透視。如對照相不了解的話,就找模特兒或自己去做吧。
This is also a simple method.  You may find a model, or find resources from magazine or network photos.
If you want to use a photo, please be careful the shooting angle.  And also you should know whether the photo taken with any lens that spreading angle.  If you are not familiar to photograph, please do the pose by yourself or find a model.


●男與女 Male and Female
很多人都愛畫女角,但不要忘了男角也很重要。
這世上有不畫人物的插畫師,卻沒有只懂得畫單一性別的插畫師。
Many people like to draw female.  Male character is also important.
There are illustrators who don't draw character, but there are no illustrators who can only draw single gender.

○體格 Physique

男女的體格分別很多,要簡單地描繪出分別的話有很多手法。
There are many differences between male and female.  There are many ways to draw easily.

在標準體格來看,男的是硬直,像盒子堆砌出來的感覺;女的是圓柔,像啫哩造出來的感覺。
For standard physique, Male is hard and straight, combined by boxes.  Female is round and soft, combined by gel.

姿勢方面,無論是剛強或柔弱,男的身體總是筆直的,而女的總是S型。
About pose, no matter staunch or weak, male is always straight and female is always S.

○不同體格 Different Physique
畫出不同體格,是角色插畫師的必要技能之一。不要只去畫自己喜歡和接受的東西,也要去接納和畫自己不喜歡的東西,這樣才可以成為專業。
Drawing different physique is a must-skill of character illustrator.  Do not draw only what you like and accept.  You must draw and accept all things no matter you like or not.  Otherwise you will never be a professional.

在不同體格上的表現,男女會變得一樣,例如很肥的時候,男和女的表現會很接近。
On different physique, male and female will become closed, such as very fat.


●裸體 Naked Body

在掌握好身體結構、不同體格、祼體人偶之後,就可以開始畫裸體了。
After master body anatomy, different physique and naked doll, you can now to make the body sharp.

這部份很簡單,就是在裸體人偶上把人體輪廓畫出來。
This part is simple, draw outline on the naked body.

在這部份,請回想起人體結構,了解不同姿勢對不同部份的影響。
In this part, please memorise anatomy.  You should think that which part will make affects to which part.


●胴體(女) Body (Female)
在這裡用女性的胴體作例子。女性的胴體比男性的柔軟,身體部位受影響的幅度都要大,比較好掌握。
In this part, I'd like to talk with a female body.  Female body is much softer than male's,  and body parts are affected on higher level.

○肌肉 Muscle

在學習人體結構 (解剖學) 時,就會接觸到很多肌肉,以及一堆專有名字。肌肉的名字是可以讓你跟別人溝通,一般只要記住重要的就可以。
When learning anatomy, you will learn many muscle and a lot of professional name.  You can remember the muscle name for communicating with others,  but normally you can only remember the main muscle names.

比起記住肌肉的名字,了解肌肉的形狀和方向更重要。
It is much more important to know the sharp and direction of muscle then to remember muscle names.

當身體的一部份做出動作時,都會影響到身體的其他部份,了解肌肉的形狀和方向能讓我們正確表現出整個身體。
When a part of body moves, other parts of body will be affected.  Knowing sharp and direction of muscles can make you perform a good body sharp on the drawing.

○乳房 Breast

在說到胴體,男女最大的分別就是乳房 (粉紅)。要把乳房畫好,先要了解乳房。想像一個軟軟的球體被貼在牆上,貼著的部份不變,球體被地心吸力向下拉,這就是乳房的面貌。
About body, the biggest difference is breast (Pink).  To draw breast well, you must know breast first.  Imaging a very soft ball sticked on the wall,  do not change the part sticked and pulled down by gravity.  This is breast.

在乳房底下是胸大肌 (紅)。胸大肌從邊緣向腋下拉去,手部的不同動作對乳房的影響會有所不同。
Under the cover of breast is pectoralis (Red).  Pectoralis pull from edge to armpit.  Breast will be affected by the actions of arms.

由於胸大肌的方向,乳房是向兩邊下垂的。
是 (. 人 .) 而不是 ( . )( . )。
As the direction of pectoralis, breast is droop to outside.
Should be (. 人 .) but not ( . )( . )


○頸 Neck

頸部 (藍) 的範圍要注意,胸鎖乳突肌和斜方肌的的活動很細且不明顯,往往被其他部位遮住。
Be careful on neck (Blue).  The movement of sternocleidomastoid and trapezius is not big and obvious.  They are always hided by other parts.

留意鎖骨的移動,基本上鎖體都是從中心點指向三角肌上方邊緣,是頸部的底線。
Be careful on the movement of clavicle.  Basically clavicle is placed from center to top of deltoid.  And also clavicle is bottom of neck.



●總結 Conclusion
『方法,沒有正確與否,只有適不適合自己。』
"Method, not right or not, but suitable or not."

每個畫師都有自己的一套方法,請參考更多不同畫師的分享後,再努力去嘗試,最後再建立一套屬於自己的最好方法吧!
Every drawer has his own method, please learn more from different drawer and try hard. Finally you will have your best method!
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